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Finally, several contracts were concluded between a sub-group of EU Member States due to a lack of unanimity. The Schengen Agreement and the 1985 and 1990 Conventions were thus concluded, but they were then incorporated into EU law by the Treaty of Amsterdam with other EU Member States that had not signed it, as it was exempted from its implementation. [78] Other agreements signed outside the legal framework of the European Union, the 2003 agreement on the status of European Union forces[79] includes the 2004 Agreement on THE Rights of the European Union[80] the 2004 Strasbourg Treaty establishing the Eurocorps[82] the 2007 Velsen Treaty establishing the European Gendarmerie[83][84] the 2005 Convention on Terrorism , the 2009 CentralIs Customs Convention,[85] the 2011 Convention on the Protection of Classified Information,[86] the Treaty establishing the 2012 European Stability Mechanism establishing the European Stability Mechanism, the 2012 European Fiscal Pact on Budgetary Rules in the Euro Area, the 2013 Agreement establishing a unified patent court establishing the Unified Patent Jurisdiction and the agreement on the 2014 Single Resolution Fund creating the Resolution Fund unique. However, all these agreements are open to the accession of EU Member States. The text of the Fiscal Pact Agreement and the Framework Agreement on the Single Resolution Fund indicate that the signatories want to integrate the provisions of the treaty into EU structures and that EU law should prevail over the treaty. An amendment of the TFUE has been ratified, authorising the creation of the ESM and giving it a legal basis in the EU treaties. The Treaties of the European Union are a set of international treaties between the Member States of the European Union (EU) that define the constitutional basis of the EU. They define the different EU institutions at the same time as their missions, procedures and objectives. The EU can only act within the powers conferred on it by these treaties, and treaty change requires the approval and ratification (according to its national procedures) of each signatory. A treaty is a binding agreement between EU member states.

It sets out the EU`s objectives, the rules for EU institutions, how decisions are taken and the relationship between the EU and its member states. The EU, in its current form, was created by a number of treaties and agreements between the founding states and future EU Member States. Among the most notable, Article K.3 of the Maastricht Treaty, which came into force in 1993, allowed the European Communities to “develop conventions that they recommend to Member States according to their respective constitutional requirements” under the new pillar of justice and home affairs, organised on an intergovernmental basis. These provisions included the 1997 Naples II Convention on Customs Cooperation,[62] the 1995 Convention on Simplified Extradition Procedures[63] the 1995 Europol Convention establishing Europol[64] the 1995 PFI Convention on Fraud[65], the 1995 Customs Information System Convention[66] the 1995 Insolvency Agreement[67] the 1999 Extradition Convention [68] the 1997 Anti-Corruption Convention[69] 1997 service agreement on the service and notification of documents[70] the 1998 Marriage Affairs Agreement[71] the Convention on Non-Preponderation at The Wheel[72] and the Convention on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters of 2000. [73] [74] [75] In addition, many protocols to these agreements have been concluded. [76] [77] With the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty in 2009, judicial policy has been integrated into the EC`s structures as an area of freedom, security and justice, replacing a number of these conventions with EU regulations or decisions.